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Seafloor Morphology and Tectonics of the Christmas Island Area, Indian Ocean

Geoscience Australia
Borissova, I. (Author)
Viewed: [[ro.stat.viewed]] Cited: [[ro.stat.cited]] Accessed: [[ro.stat.accessed]]
ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Adc&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2FANDS&rft_id=http://www.ga.gov.au/metadata-gateway/metadata/record/14710/&rft.title=Seafloor Morphology and Tectonics of the Christmas Island Area, Indian Ocean&rft.identifier=http://www.ga.gov.au/metadata-gateway/metadata/record/14710/&rft.publisher=Australian Geological Survey Organisation&rft.description=Christmas Island lies about 1600 km north-north west of Australia's Northwest Cape and approximately 350 km south of Java in the northern part of the Wharton basin (IndianOcean). Recently Australia declared a 200 mile Fisheries Zone around the island andAGSO was asked to assess seabed morphology, sediment thickness and offshore mineralresources in this area. In February 1992 RAT Rig Seismic carried out a detailed survey ofthe region, providing relevant data for the required assessment. Eight seismic profiles wereacquired on this cruise, totalling about 2000 km, and almost twice as much bathymetricdata was recorded. In conjunction with seismic and bathymetic data collected by otherinstitutions, our data provides a good coverage of the area, which enabled us to compile anew bathymetric map and to produce the first sediment thickness map. Among the published bathymetric maps only three cover the Christmas Island area: 1)published by Udintsev (Geophysical Atlas of the Indian Ocean, 1975; 1:5,000 000), 2) byMammerickx et al. (1976, 1:5,000 000) and 3) 1:10,000 000 General BathymetricCompilation (GEBCO) map, published by the International Oceanographic Service (1982).All published bathymetric maps were compiled in the end of the 1970s and the beginningof the 1980s, and all of them were based on processing analog records of water depths andwere drafted manually. Moreover, most of the data for map compilation were collectedusing a sextant, and only a very limited using satellite navigation. The amount and quality of data collected by the end of the 1970s allowed the production ofthe fairly accurate 1:5,000 000 and 1:10,000 000 maps of the Indian Ocean listed above,however a lot of smaller features, such as individual seamounts, are missing on those maps.Insufficient data coverage led to broad extrapolation of bathymetric trends, sometimesderived purely from magnetic lineation pattern (Fig.1). To the east of Christmas Island thelack of information is particularly evident: all the maps differ in their interpretation of this area. New high quality data collected by Rig Seismic, and digital water depths obtained fromthe USA National Geophysical Data Bank (NGDC), were used for compilation of a newrevised version of the bathymetric map on the Christmas Island area in a 1:1,000 000 scale.The new map (to be published in AGSO's Offshore Resources Map Series) contains a lotmore detail on the complex bathymetry of the area, and gives a more realistic picture ofseamount distribution and the structure of the Java Trench and Java's outer-arc ridge. Theamount of added information can be clearly deduced from comparison of Fig.1 and Fig.2.The time scale used in this report is that of McDougall (1974) and Fanoon et al. (1993).Legacy product, lineage not available&rft.creator=Borissova, I. &rft.date=1994&rft.coverage=northlimit=-8.0; southlimit=-13.0; westlimit=100.0; eastLimit=110.0; projection=GDA94&rft.coverage=northlimit=-8.0; southlimit=-13.0; westlimit=100.0; eastLimit=110.0; projection=GDA94&rft_rights=Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0&rft_subject=Geoscientific Information &rft_subject=Ga Publication&rft_subject=Record&rft_subject=Marine Survey&rft_subject=Marine&rft_subject=Cx&rft_subject=Earth Sciences&rft.type=dataset&rft.language=English Access the data

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

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Brief description

Christmas Island lies about 1600 km north-north west of Australia's Northwest Cape and approximately 350 km south of Java in the northern part of the Wharton basin (IndianOcean). Recently Australia declared a 200 mile Fisheries Zone around the island andAGSO was asked to assess seabed morphology, sediment thickness and offshore mineralresources in this area. In February 1992 RAT "Rig Seismic" carried out a detailed survey ofthe region, providing relevant data for the required assessment. Eight seismic profiles wereacquired on this cruise, totalling about 2000 km, and almost twice as much bathymetricdata was recorded. In conjunction with seismic and bathymetic data collected by otherinstitutions, our data provides a good coverage of the area, which enabled us to compile anew bathymetric map and to produce the first sediment thickness map.

Among the published bathymetric maps only three cover the Christmas Island area: 1)published by Udintsev (Geophysical Atlas of the Indian Ocean, 1975; 1:5,000 000), 2) byMammerickx et al. (1976, 1:5,000 000) and 3) 1:10,000 000 General BathymetricCompilation (GEBCO) map, published by the International Oceanographic Service (1982).All published bathymetric maps were compiled in the end of the 1970s and the beginningof the 1980s, and all of them were based on processing analog records of water depths andwere drafted manually. Moreover, most of the data for map compilation were collectedusing a sextant, and only a very limited using satellite navigation.

The amount and quality of data collected by the end of the 1970s allowed the production ofthe fairly accurate 1:5,000 000 and 1:10,000 000 maps of the Indian Ocean listed above,however a lot of smaller features, such as individual seamounts, are missing on those maps.Insufficient data coverage led to broad extrapolation of bathymetric trends, sometimesderived purely from magnetic lineation pattern (Fig.1). To the east of Christmas Island thelack of information is particularly evident: all the maps differ in their interpretation of this area.

New high quality data collected by "Rig Seismic", and digital water depths obtained fromthe USA National Geophysical Data Bank (NGDC), were used for compilation of a newrevised version of the bathymetric map on the Christmas Island area in a 1:1,000 000 scale.The new map (to be published in AGSO's Offshore Resources Map Series) contains a lotmore detail on the complex bathymetry of the area, and gives a more realistic picture ofseamount distribution and the structure of the Java Trench and Java's outer-arc ridge. Theamount of added information can be clearly deduced from comparison of Fig.1 and Fig.2.The time scale used in this report is that of McDougall (1974) and Fanoon et al. (1993).

Lineage

Legacy product, lineage not available

Issued: 1994

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110,-8 110,-13 100,-13 100,-8 110,-8

105,-10.5

text: northlimit=-8.0; southlimit=-13.0; westlimit=100.0; eastLimit=110.0; projection=GDA94

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